He continues to be actively engaged in education, civic engagement, water, immigration, transportation, and economic development issues.
Prescriptions for cannabis in Ancient Egypt include treatment for the eyes (glaucoma), inflammation, and cooling the uterus, as well as administering enemas.
After being termed out of the State Assembly, he was elected to the Los Angeles City Council (2003) and served until he was elected Mayor (2005).
Villaraigosa is a member of the Democratic Party, and was a national co-chairman of Hillary Clinton's 2008 presidential campaign, a member of President Barack Obama's Transition Economic Advisory Board, He ran for Mayor in 2001 against Los Angeles City Attorney James Hahn, but lost in the second round of voting.
Los Angeles County District Attorney, Steve Cooley, charged him with ten counts of murder, one count of attempted murder, and special circumstance allegations of multiple murders in the case.
Investigation After police discovered several dead women in alleyways and dumpsters in South Los Angeles, California during the mid-1980s, Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department and police began investigating the murders setting up the "Southside Slayer" task force.